India States Regions

Country overview: 

Short name

INDIA

ISO code

IN

FIPS code

IN

Languages

Hindi (hi), English (en), etc.

Time zone

+5:30

Capital

New Delhi

India in 1900 was a hodge-podge of British provinces under the direct sovereignty of the British crown, and small states ruled by Indian princes under British hegemony. The British position was called paramountcy, meaning simply that Britain had the power to overrule the native princes' actions. India at that time included present-day Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Aden (now part of Yemen). On the other hand, it excluded a few small enclaves in the possession of France and Portugal, and Sikkim, then a kingdom under British protection. When India obtained its independence on 1947-08-15, the area hitherto known as India was divided into two countries, India and Pakistan. The principle guiding the division was to allocate majority-Hindu areas to India and majority-Muslim areas to Pakistan. In the implementation, the large provinces of Bengal and Punjab were split between the two countries, and Pakistan was created as two pieces on opposite sides of the Indian subcontinent.

India is divided into 28 states and seven union territories.

Division

Typ

Dist

Population

Area(km.²)

PIN

Capital

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

u

2

356,152

8,249

744

Port Blair

Andhra Pradesh

      s

23

76,210,007

275,068

50-53

Hyderabad

Arunachal Pradesh

      s

15

1,097,968

83,743

790-792

Itanagar

Assam

       s

23

26,655,528

78,438

78

Dispur

Bihar

       s

37

82,998,509

99,200

80-85

Patna

Chandigarh

      u

1

900,635

114

16

Chandigarh

Chhattisgarh

      s

16

20,833,803

135,194

49

Raipur

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

      u

1

220,490

491

396

Silvassa

Daman and Diu

      u

2

158,204

112

396

Daman

Delhi

      u

1

13,850,507

1,483

11

Delhi

Goa

      s

2

1,347,668

3,702

403

Panaji

Gujarat

      s

25

50,671,017

196,024

36-39

Gandhinagar

Haryana

      s

19

21,144,564

44,212

12-13

Chandigarh

Himachal Pradesh

      s

12

6,077,900

55,673

17

Shimla

Jammu and Kashmir

     s

14

10,143,700

222,236

18-19

Srinagar, Jammu

Jharkhand

     s

18

26,945,829

74,677

814-835

Ranchi

Karnataka

     s

27

52,850,562

191,791

56-59

Bangalore

Kerala

     s

14

31,841,374

38,863

67-69

Thiruvananthapuram

Lakshadweep

     u

1

60,650

32

673

Kavaratti

Madhya Pradesh

     s

48

60,348,023

308,252

45-48

Bhopal

Maharashtra

     s

35

96,878,627

307,690

40-44

Mumbai

Manipur

     s

9

2,166,788

22,327

795-796

Imphal

Meghalaya

     s

7

2,318,822

22,429

793-794

Shillong

Mizoram

     s

8

888,573

21,081

796

Aizawl

Nagaland

     s

8

1,990,036

16,579

797-798

Kohima

Odisha

     s

30

36,804,660

155,707

75-77

Bhubaneswar

Puducherry

    u

4

974,345

492

605

Puducherry

Punjab

    s

17

24,358,999

50,362

14-15

Chandigarh

Rajasthan

    s

32

56,507,188

342,239

30-34

Jaipur

Sikkim

    s

4

540,851

7,096

737

Gangtok

Tamil Nadu

    s

30

62,405,679

130,058

60-64

Chennai

Tripura

    s

4

3,199,203

10,486

799

Agartala

Uttarakhand

    s

13

8,489,349

51,125

246-263

Dehradun

Uttar Pradesh

    s

70

166,197,921

243,286

20-28

Lucknow

West Bengal

    s

19

80,176,197

88,752

70-74

Kolkata

Indian Standard Time GMT + 05:30
Area 3.3 Million sq. km
Telephone Country Code +91

Border Countries
Afghanistan and Pakistan to the north-west; China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north; Myanmar to the east; and Bangladesh to the east of West Bengal. Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea, formed by Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.

Coastline
7,516.6 km encompassing the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands, and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Terrain
The mainland comprises of four regions, namely the great mountain zone, plains of the Ganga and the Indus, the desert region, and the southern peninsula.

Expanse

Population

India

3.287.263 km²

1 Billion(2000)

Europe

2.400.000 km²

340.000.000

Germany

357.000 km²

79.500.000

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